> Skip to content

Article  •  1 June 2021

 

‘I could eat a piece of a man’

Port Arthur convicts turned to cannibalism in an attempt to survive in the harsh Australian bush.

In Convict-era Port Arthur David W. Cameron weaves an evocative narrative of one of the most remote and feared convict locations in Australia. This comprehensive history of Port Arthur exposes the horrors and many tragedies that fell upon the convicts, soldiers and administrators who spent time there. In the passage below we discover the perils of trying to escape and the likelihood of being swallowed up by the bush…

‘I could eat a piece of a man’

Most escape attempts from Macquarie Harbour were made on foot although the last attempt before it closed was in 1833 and involved the hijacking of the brig Frederick, which the convicts themselves had built on the slipways of Sarah Island. Shipwright David Hoy and a few others were caught up in the mutiny and were soon after put ashore on the west coast where they walked for eight days before being found. Hoy was supplied with a warm coat, shoes and two bottles of wine; the convicts obviously thought well of him.
The mutineers, ex-sailors among them, successfully made their way to Chile where they abandoned the ship to sink and made landfall in the ship’s longboat, claiming to be shipwreck survivors. However, they were soon identified because of drunken loose talk. They were all quickly rounded up and handed over to the next passing British naval frigate, HMS Blond, and found themselves back in Van Diemen’s Land. The survivors ended up on Norfolk Island, lucky not to have swung on the end of a noose, although after a month on the island most probably wished they had.1
If any lesson was required to the folly of trying to escape from Macquarie Harbour on foot, then the unknown fate of six convicts, including brothers Philip and Michael Flannagan, who disappeared into the bush in March 1822, should have provided all with the answer. And if any additional warning was required, the fate of the search party that went out after them should have put an end to any such speculation. Commandant Cuthbertson organised for privates Stephen Parker and Thomas Reynolds to go out in pursuit, supplied with two weeks’ rations, and accompanied by three trusted convicts and two kangaroo dogs. They too were swallowed up by the bush, never to return.2
In 1827 the immediate area around the harbour was described by surveyor and explorer of the Van Diemen’s Land Company Henry Hellyer, who with a small party attempted to penetrate the bush: ‘Dead logs and branches impeded us at every step; and we were continually meeting with large tracts of dense thicket, from thirty to forty feet high [10 to 12 metres], so closely interwoven and matted together, as to be impenetrable below: and we were often obliged to be walking upon these never-dry, slippery branches, covered with moss, as much as twenty feet [6 metres] above the ground, which being in many instances rotten, occasioned us many awkward falls, and tore our clothes to rags. We were not able to force our way on five hundred yards in an hour in some of these horrid scrubs.’3
During the first year of the penal settlement at Macquarie Harbour, 10 per cent of convicts disappeared into the bush, most never to be seen again, and it rose to around 15 per cent by 1824. In one case from June 1824, Timothy Crawley, Richard Morris and John Newton, who were working the lime kiln, seized a boat and provisions – the boat was found 20 kilometres downriver from the kiln moored to a stump, and scribbled on its stern in white lime was ‘to be sold’. That was the end of them.4 Indeed, between 1822 and 1827 a government report indicated that there were 116 convicts from Macquarie Harbour who disappeared into the bush and of these, 101 were recorded as coming to an ‘untimely fate’.5 There are recorded cases of some of these escapees resorting to cannibalism in order to survive, including Edward Broughton and Matthew McAlboy who in 1830 just before being hanged individually confessed to killing and eating two of their fellow escapees from Macquarie Harbour.6 It is also likely that many others who did not survive turned to cannibalism before dying alone in the bush. Only one man escaped from Macquarie Harbour twice, the convict Alexander Pearce – the most famous cannibal of them all.

CHAPTER 7 NOTES

  1. Courtenay, A. (2018) The Ship that Never Was: The Greatest Escape Story of Australian Colonial History, ABC Books, Sydney; Hughes, 1987; Maxwell-Stewart, 2008.

  2. Maxwell-Stewart, 2008; Sargent, 1996; Sprod, D. (1977) Alexander Pearce of Macquarie Harbour: Convict – Bushranger – Cannibal, Cat & Fiddle Press, Hobart.

  3. Quote from Sprod, 1977, p. 65.

  4. Quote from Maxwell-Stewart, 2008, p. 32.

  5. Quote from Sprod, 1977, p. 64.

  6. Brand, 1984; Maxwell-Stewart, 2008.


Convict-era Port Arthur David W. Cameron

An evocative narrative of the many tragedies that fell upon those who were forced to serve time in Port Arthur, one of the most remote and feared convict locations in Australia.

Buy now
Buy now

More features

See all
Article
6 books that will show you a new side of Australian history

These six books will deepen your understanding of our country’s past by showing you a different side of Australian history.

Article
5 books to help with your new year's resolution

Do you want to save money or change a habit? We have five books that will empower you to achieve your goals in 2022.

Article
5 tips for surviving year 12 exams

As year 12 students prepare for their exams, author of Atomic Habits, James Clear, has some simple tips that could help.

Article
Journalist’s haunting encounter at serial killer’s murder scene

When Garry Linnell stumbled across the grisly story of Frederick Deeming, he knew it was the one he wanted to tell.

Article
Dire prediction of ‘uninhabitable’ parts of Australia

Greg Mullins, former Commissioner of Fire and Rescue NSW, predicts parts of Australia will record 50C days in just decades to come.

Article
'Utterly broken': The Resilience Project co-founder’s powerful admission

Hugh van Cuylenburg was being interviewed on a national radio station when he surprised himself with an admission.

Article
Simple reading hacks for time-poor dads

Two authors — who are also dads — share their tips on how fathers can get a moment to themselves.

Recipe
Spinach and ricotta lasagne

A fresh and delicious lasagne to enjoy regularly.

Recipe
Sticky miso bananas with lime and toasted rice

This dessert ticks all our flavour boxes.

Recipe
Confit tandoori chickpeas

These chickpeas have had their fair share of Insta fame for a multitude of reasons.

Recipe
Vodka lemon drizzle pancakes with blackberry compote

There is, I have to confess, no need to put the vodka in the blackberry compote that accompanies these, but it does add to the sense of occasion.

Recipe
Vietnamese poached chicken salad with mint & coriander

What appeals to me about this salad is the combination of lightly poached chicken, bean sprouts, spring onions and herbs with roasted chopped nuts and sesame seeds, and the slightly gloopy fish sauce, lime juice and chilli dressing.

Looking for more articles?

See all articles