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Article  •  19 July 2016

 

Death from above

The terrifying Kamikaze threat to our flagship, HMAS Australia.

During the latter part of World War II, a new Japanese terror occupied the skies: suicide attacks from the air that went by the name Kamikaze. The word loosely translates to ‘Divine Winds’, which is a reference to the 13th century typhoons that prevented a Mongolian invasion by sea. And beyond inflicting heavy casualties and sinking dozens of ships, the imminent threat of Kamikaze attack caused immeasurable psychological damage to allied sailors.

During the famous Battle of Leyte Gulf, which successfully delivered the US General Douglas MacArthur to the Philippines, the HMAS Australia was targeted in what was one of the first ever Kamikaze attacks. The impact was enormous – her captain and 29 other men killed, and 65 wounded – but the ship survived. During the remainder of the war, it’s thought that HMAS Australia was attacked by Kamikaze more times than any other allied ship. And in 1945, she was hit by no fewer than four Kamikaze planes on four successive days.

In Mike Carlton’s Flagship, he brings to life the heroic and tragic stories of HMAS Australia. In the chapter entitled ‘I have been given a splendid opportunity to die’, Carlton details the Kamikaze ritual and reveals a chilling letter home from a Japanese pilot during his final hours.

 

Over time, elaborate rituals were devised to sanctify the insanity, a gross perversion of the Samurai ethic. Before their last take-off, the young pilots would cleanse themselves with a steaming bath, drink a ceremonial cup of sake and compose a traditional Japanese death poem. They would help each other don the white hachimaki headband with its red rising sun, a symbol of courage, and the senninbari, a talisman belt of 1000 stitches, each sewn by a different woman. The Kamikaze mania spread to the army as well, and by the end of the war some 5000 young men had died for it. The burning spirit of Japanese youth had found a new, exalted way to honour the Emperor and defend the home islands, it was said. Petty Officer First Class Isao Matsuo of the IJN’s 701st Air Group wrote this letter home from the Philippines on 28 October 1944:

Dear Parents:

Please congratulate me. I have been given a splendid opportunity to die. This is my last day. The destiny of our homeland hinges on the decisive battle in the seas to the south where I shall fall like a blossom from a radiant cherry tree.

I shall be a shield for His Majesty and die cleanly along with my squadron leader and other friends. I wish that I could be born seven times, each time to smite the enemy.

How I appreciate this chance to die like a man! I am grateful from the depths of my heart to the parents who have reared me with their constant prayers and tender love. And I am grateful as well to my squadron leader and superior officers who have looked after me as if I were their own son and given me such careful training.

Thank you, my parents, for the 23 years during which you have cared for me and inspired me. I hope that my present deed will in some small way repay what you have done for me. Think well of me and know that your Isao died for our country. This is my last wish, and there is nothing else that I desire.

I shall return in spirit and look forward to your visit at the Yasukuni Shrine. Please take good care of yourselves.

How glorious is the Special Attack Corps’ Giretsu Unit whose Suisei bombers will attack the enemy. Our goal is to dive against the aircraft carriers of the enemy. Movie cameramen have been here to take our pictures. It is possible that you may see us in newsreels at the theatre. We are 16 warriors manning the bombers. May our death be as sudden and clean as the shattering of crystal. Written at Manila on the eve of our sortie.

Isao.

Soaring into the sky of the southern seas, it is our glorious mission to die as the shields of His Majesty. Cherry blossoms glisten as they open and fall.*

 


* Letter source: ‘The Last Wills the Special Attack Force Pilots Wrote’, Kamikaze (website), 5 December 2004, www.geocities.jp/kamikazes_site_e/isyo.html.

 


Flagship Mike Carlton

The cruiser HMAS Australia II and the Pacific War on Japan

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